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What is Renal Medullary Carcinoma?

What is renal medullary carcinoma (RMC)? Dr. Pavlos Msaouel, a medical oncologist treating rare forms of renal cell and urothelial carcinomas, gives an overview of RMC, a rare, deadly type of kidney cancer predominantly afflicting young adults of African decent with sickle cell disease. Dr. Msaouel shares what symptoms have often led to diagnosis and points out that 75% of all RMC cases originate in the right kidney. Watch now.

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About this expert

Pavlos Msaouel, MD, PhD

University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center

Department of Genitourinary Medical Oncology, Division of Cancer Medicine

Transcript

Rebecca Law:

Dr. Msaouel, what is renal medullary carcinoma and how is it diagnosed?


Pavlos Msaouel, MD, PhD:
RMC is the acronym for a kidney cancer named Renal Medullary Carcinoma. Renal Medullary Carcinoma or RMC is one of the deadliest kidney cancers, and it predominantly afflicts young people mainly of African descent that carry the sickle cell trait or sickle cell disease.


Pavlos Msaouel, MD, PhD:
It is often diagnosed after patients start developing symptoms, and those symptoms can be blood in the urine -- the medical term is hematuria -- or they may have pain in their flanks on their side where the kidneys would be, on the right side or on the left side.


Pavlos Msaouel, MD, PhD:
Interestingly RMC mainly happens on the right kidney, so about 75% of all RMC cases will happen in the right kidney. And unfortunately, in the vast majority of cases when it does present, it will be what we call stage 4 -- meaning metastatic -- meaning it will have spread to other organs.

Rebecca Law

Rebecca graduated from University of San Francisco with a degree in applied economics, focusing on marketing, program management and event management. Her experience is unmatched when it comes to aligning program scope with strategic business objectives. Rebecca has an extensive background in managing marketing campaigns and is highly skilled at communicating with a variety of audiences.

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The information on Diverse Health Hub is provided for educational purposes only, and is in no way intended to diagnose, cure, or treat any medical or other condition. Always seek the expert advice of your healthcare team.